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 Element reference

PSML elements from <author> to <xref>



The <property> element is a container and editing primitive for a “name / value pair”. It can appear inside a <properties-fragment> or a <properties> element.

For further information regarding customized property editing, see PSML properties editor.

Values – type and occurrence

The <property> object supports a number of predefined value types, as well as single or multiple values.

  • When the value of the @datatype attribute is "xref", the property value is stored as an <xref> element. 
  • A single value <property> omits the @multiple attribute, or it has a value of "false" and stores the content in the @value attribute.
  • For a multiple value <property>, the @multiple attribute is "true" and each value is stored as a <value>, <xref> or <link> element. However, the <property>doesn’t require any of these elements to resolve.

In general, a multiple value property must havemultiple="true", however, certain applications require multiple values in a single attribute. For example, to configure a checkbox in the PSML properties editor with a value="English,Spanish"requires omitting the @multiple attribute, and then storing the options as a comma-separated list in the @value attribute.

It is invalid for a <property> to have both a @value attribute and a <value> or <xref> element. It is also invalid to mix <value> and <xref> elements.

Usage context

Element category
PSML levelportable
Permitted content<value> <xref> <link> <markdown> <heading> <para> <list> <nlist> <preformat>
Permitted parent<properties-fragment> <properties>
HTML equivalent
OpenXML equivalent


This element includes the following attributes:

countproperty-countnoThe value count for the property or n for unbounded. DEPRECATED.

The data type options for the property are:

  • string
  • date
  • datetime
  • xref
  • link
  • markdown
  • markup
multipletruenoIf present, this indicates the property can have multiple values
namelabel-nameyesThe name of the property
titlexs:stringnoWhat title to display in the user interface for the property
valuexs:stringnoWhether there is a single value for the property


A value greater than 1 or equal to n, indicates the <property> can contain multiple values. If so, the values of the property are stored in <value> elements instead of a @value attribute. By default, <property> has a single value.

The @count is deprecated as of PSML v1.1 in PageSeeder 5.98, use @multiple="true" instead if required.


Indicates the types of data the <property> is configured to store.

The predefined data types are as follows:

  • string – specifies unbounded text (that corresponds to editor config types: text, select, checkbox). This is the default value when no other value is specified.
  • date – specifies a type of ISO 8601 date.
  • datetime – specifies a type of ISO 8601 which includes both date and time. Added in PSML v1.4 for PageSeeder v6.00.
  • xref – specifies a PSML cross-reference.
  • link – specifies a link to a URL. Added in PSML v1.3 for PageSeeder v5.99.
  • markdown  – specifies markdown formatted text .
  • markup  – allows the elements <heading>, <para>, <list>, <nlist>, or <preformat> and anything that they can contain except for <image>, <xref>, <placeholder>, @indent, @prefix or @numbered. Added in PSML v1.2 for PageSeeder v5.98.

Custom data types are allowed, however, they might require a specific editor. If the data type is not recognized by PageSeeder, it treats the <property> as if the @datatype was string.


If present this attribute indicates the <property> can contain multiple values. If so, the values are stored in <value> elements instead of a @value attribute. By default, <property> has a single value.

Added as a replacement for @count in PSML v1.1 for PageSeeder v5.98.

Properties with datatype="markdown" or datatype="markup" can not have this attribute.


The @name must be unique within the <properties-fragment>, valid against the following regular expression:  [a-zA-Z0-9_-] and must not start with a ‘-’.


The @title is a user-friendly display name that is not constrained to the allowable characters of the @name.

For example, where a @name value might be “warehouse”, the corresponding @title value might be “Delivery address in business hours”.  The value of @title is displayed in the document and editing views, the value of @name is displayed in the search facets.


The @value is only for a <property> with a single value. When <property> can have more than one value, <value> elements are used instead of this attribute.


Example 1 – single value property

The following expressions of a single value <property> element are all equivalent:

<property name="part-number" value="PX-67S93Q"/>
<property name="part-number" datatype="string" value="PX-67S93Q"/>

Example 2 – multi-value property

For a <property> element to support multiple values.

<property name="languages" multiple="true">

Example 3 – xref property

A <property> with a @datatype of xref.

<property name="author" datatype="xref">
  <xref href="/ps/authors/english/" ... >Lewis Carroll

Example 4 – markdown property

A <property> with a @datatype of markdown.

<property name="example" datatype="markdown">
  <markdown>The **quick** brown *fox* jumps over the `lazy` dog.

Example 5 – markup property

A <property> with a @datatype of markup.

<property name="example" datatype="markup">
  <para>The <bold>quick</bold> brown <italic>fox</italic>
  <para>jumps over the <monospace>lazy</monospace> dog


XML Schema

<xs:element name="property">

      <xs:element name="value"
      <xs:element ref="xref" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />
      <xs:element ref="link" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />
      <xs:element ref="markdown" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />
      <xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
        <xs:element ref="heading" />
        <xs:element ref="para" />
        <xs:element ref="list" />
        <xs:element ref="nlist" />
        <xs:element ref="preformat" />
    <xs:attribute name="title" type="xs:string"/>
    <xs:attribute name="name" type="label" use="required"/>
    <xs:attribute name="value" type="xs:string" use="optional"/>
    <xs:attribute name="datatype" type="xs:string"/>
    <xs:attribute name="count" default="1"> 
        <xs:restriction base="xs:string">
          <xs:pattern value="[0-9n]+"/>
    </xs:attribute> <!-- DEPRECATED -->
    <xs:attribute name="multiple" type="xs:boolean" fixed="true"/>

Relax Schema

element property {
   attribute name { label },
   attribute title { text }?,
   attribute datatype { text }?,
   attribute count { text }?,
   attribute multiple { boolean }?,
   attribute value { text }?,
   (element value* | element link* | element xref* | element markdown
    | (element heading | element para | element list |
       element nlist | element preformat )* )


This element was introduced in the first draft of PSML and is well-supported from PageSeeder 5.1.

Created on , last edited on